Some people trying escape from the problems often appeal to alcohol. Indeed, alcohol initially briefly improves mood, enhances self-confidence,reduces stress.  Under alcohol influence a person feels nice, warm and comfortable. But alcohol can’t solve the problems. It only allows a person to forget them for a while.  And as a soon as effects of alcohol disappear the problems return.  Desire to ignore the problems or inability to solve them pushes a person to alcohol again and again. The problem is that after some period of regular drinking a person starts noticing that the “normal” dose of alcohol ceases to bring him the former relief.  This is effect of growing tolerance. A person needs more and more alcohol to reach the desirable effect. The phase of positive emotions gets less and loses its intensity. A person needs more alcohol to retrieve the pleasant feelings.  Sobriety makes him harassed, depressed, feel guilty, and insecure. Broken sleep and lack of appetite are the first symptoms of development of addiction. Increased irritability, intolerance and discontent at the moments of absence from alcohol become common. Mental discomfort and nervousness turn into obsessive thoughts about alcohol. Desire to drink becomes over whelming.  A person feels“normal” only under alcohol influence. The state of alcohol deprivation becomes unbearable.

Increased tolerance to alcohol

When a person consumes a lot of alcohol his organism tries to get adapted to excessive amount of alcohol by speeding up the metabolic processes. The protective enzyme mechanisms are tuned on for quick elimination of surplus of alcohol from a body. Increased tolerance is not a sign of health. It indicates the development of addiction. Huge doses of alcohol drain the body out, resulting in development of alcohol abstinent syndrome, the effects of which such as delirium tremens (alcoholic psychosis) can be devastating.

Physical dependence on alcohol

Consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol leads to what one can feel afterwards as the hangover symptoms: nervousness, nausea, fatigue, a sense of inner trembling, palpitations. For a healthy person these symptoms are mild and pass towards afternoonthe next day.  But for alcoholics they may remain for 2-3 days and are accompanied by a strong desire to consume alcohol for relief. The man begins to drink in the morning, continues during the day, and drinks before go to bed to enhance the sleep.  Nonstop alcohol in-take may last for several days. Episodes of drunkenness become longer, and the intervals between them become shorter. Self-control for alcohol consumption is lost. A single glass of wine or beer can provoke an alcoholic for drinking for a few days straight. Need for alcohol becomes similar to need for water. People say: “he wants – he drinks, he doesn’t want – he drinks”.

Alcohol  withdrawal (abstinent syndrome)

After few weeks of non-stop alcohol intake the withdrawal from alcohol can be a life threatening condition. Untreated withdrawal syndrome may result in delirium tremens or complicate in development of epileptic seizures.


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